Mahāvīra (6th Century BCE) renounced his kingdom and family, and spent 12 years as an ascetic deep in meditation. He gave utmost respect to all living beings and taught practice of non-violence in thoughts, words, and actions. He is the last of the 24 Tīrthankaras of Jainism. Tīrthankara or Jina (Victor) is one who has crossed over life’s stream of rebirths and guides others. Tīrthankaras revitalize Jain Society with monks, nuns, laymen and laywomen. Special events in the temple include: Mahāvīra-Jayanti celebrated during May-June.